Back to home Page

 

Found on Crack Willow Salix fragilis 12th june 2009 , Cromwell Bottom LNR

Believed to be a Gall of the Tenthrenid Flies ( Sawflies) Possibly Pontania proima

 

Habitat

Deciduous wood edges of marshes and on urban and ornamental willow (Salix).

Identification

Adults: Adult willow redgall sawflies are small - approximately 3.5-5 mm long. They are shiny, black and wasp-like. They have asymmetric mandibles - the left mandible markedly constricted near the middle. The ovipositor is as long as the hind tibia while the cerci are shortened. The metatibia and metatarsomeres (leg segments on the third segment of the thorax) are not flattened or only slightly, and are not grooved laterally. The antennal hollow is smooth without hairs and has a shiny appearance, with only a few hairs on the lower part. The pronotum is described as black, possibly with pale margins

Larvae: The larvae of the willow redgall sawfly are pale green in color with a dark head. They are small and caterpillar-like, reaching only 5mm in length. They have legs present on the thorax and prolegs on each abdominal segment

Life history

Adults emerge in late spring, and females seek out suitable willows on which to lay eggs. Females inserts an egg into leaf tissue where it hatches and begins to eat the soft leaf tissue. This stimulates the leaf to produce a gall which is bean-shaped, smooth and emerges equally on both sides of the leaf. The gall may be green, red or yellow. A single larva feeds in the cavity of each gall. In mid summer the larva leaves the gall to drop to the ground where it pupates. A second brood emerges in late summer, and the fall larvae overwinter as pupae. Generally there are two generations per year

IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009

IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009

IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009
IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009
IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009
IMAGES (C) COLIN DUKE 2009